What we know — day 19: Monday March 14
Russia on Sunday launched its most deadly attack yet on western Ukraine, striking the Yavoriv International Center for Peacekeeping and Security located 30km north-west of Lviv near the Polish border, in a warning to the Nato alliance that is supplying Kyiv with weapons. Maksym Kozytskyi, governor of the Lviv region, said 35 people died and 134 were injured in the attack.
Russia has continued its aerial assault on urban areas, including an early morning missile strike in Kyiv’s Obolon district.
Several buildings in Stavische in the central Zhytomyr region were also attacked overnight.
An airstrike on residential buildings in Okhtyrka in the Sumy region killed three people, according to Ukrainian authorities.
Russian and Ukrainian military claims cannot be independently verified.
Civilian casualties included 549 deaths and 957 injuries by March 11, the has UN said, amid concerns over Russia’s indiscriminate targeting of civilian infrastructure and facilities as well as the use of siege warfare.
Joanne Mariner, director of crisis response at Amnesty International, told the Financial Times on Sunday: “Given the patterns we are seeing, we can say with a pretty high degree of certainty that Russian forces have committed war crimes.”
The number of Ukrainians fleeing the fighting reached 2.8mn by March 13, the UN’s refugee agency reported, highlighting the growing refugee crisis.
The country taking the highest number of refugees is Poland, with 1.7mn alone.
Other key maps from the war
On February 28, Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan indicated that he would invoke a clause in the 1936 Montreux Convention that allows Ankara to curb the passage of naval vessels belonging to warring parties through the Dardanelles and Bosphorus straits. “We have the authority and we have decided to use it in a way that will prevent the crisis from escalating,” he said.
Russia’s multipronged invasion suggests that the plan is to advance south towards Kyiv from Belarus, encircle Ukraine’s forces in the east and cleave the country from the Russian border to the Black Sea.
On February 22, Putin recognised the separatist governments in Luhansk and Donetsk, two provinces in the eastern Donbas region of Ukraine, and ordered Russian troops to enter them. On February 24, Moscow began a full-scale invasion of the country.
Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochan Consulting, FT research
Cartography and development by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Emma Lewis, Joanna S. Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith and Martin Stabe. Based on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels